DESIRABILITY OF SECURITIES FOR LOAN IN NIGERIAN COMMERCIAL BANK
(A CASE STUDY OF AFRIBANK PLC)
The main aim of this research work is to establish that all things being equal the loan will be safe, properly used and repaid on schedule. But this is gamble in the future. All things may not be equal and things may go wrong such that basis for optimism established and expected do not materialize.
This is why the banker should not be left uncovered. The purpose of the research is to evaluate the extent to which commercial banks in Nigeria desire securities for loans in bank in Nigeria desire securities for loan in bank lending – The findings of this study will help to make recommendation and suggestions on how best to improve the situation. In conducting this research work, references were made to works of other authors on allied subjects. But it was discovered that the text dealt more on theoretical and academic aspect of the issue, to the neglect of what is often experienced in dealing with most banks.
Thus relevant data were obtained from primary sources and oral interviews were conducted and research questionnaire administered to select persons in the bank. These data were carefully evaluated, classified and summarized into tables appropriate for the statistical testing of the postulated hypothesis. The test of hypothesis employed from the primary sources. Based on the facts that emerged from the analyzed data, it was discovered that there is no effect of securities on Bank lending, despite the fact that lack of security cannot prevent a bank from lending.
Recommendations made are in respect of re-introduction of deregulation in the economy by the Federal Government to improve and to diversify bank lending in order to foster rapid economic development.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Statement of Problem
1.2 Purpose of the study
1.3 Significance of the study
1.4 Statement of hypothesis
1.5 Scope of the study
1.6 Limitations of hypothesis
1.7 Definition of terms
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 History of Commercial Banking in Nigeria
2.2 Bank credits / facilities and the economy
2.3 Lending, a function of the commercial Bank
2.4 CBN credit policy guidelines as it affects borrower.
3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Sources of Data
3.2 Sample and sampling procedure
3.3 Method of Investigation
4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data presentation and analysis
4.2 Test of Hypothesis
5.0 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Lending is the main function of commercial banks through lending banks strives to satisfy the credit needs of the economy as well as enhance its profitability. One of the cardinal principles of classical banking is to ensure effective lending.
Lending is the major product of every commercial banking activity, and it also provides the larger part of the bank’s profit. Banks in Nigeria have found it necessary to increase their lending ability and at the same time increase policies to establish the direction and use of fund from shareholders, depositors and creditors to control the composition and size of the loan portfolio and to determine the general circumstances under which it is appropriate to make and advance.
A banker’s decision will be influenced by many factors. Some of these factors include the character of the borrower, the risk involve the profitability of the transaction to the bank, the lending policy of the government, the best interest of the borrower and of the community generally.
The perfect advance or lending will be safe liquid and profitable. “it will for a suitable purpose. Needless to say, these requirements will not always be present at the same time and banker will therefore search for an acceptable compromise”.
Lending is considered effective if it successful reconciles the banks’ objective of maximum profitability to the shareholders of the banks and maximum liquidity to meet the transaction and precautionary needs of the banks customers and investing public. But for obvious reasons, this principle cannot be regarded entirely satisfactory in a developing economy like ours (Nigeria) where we have a lot of new generation banks, which lends to a conflict (severe conflict) between, the profitability and liquidity needs of banks. Against this background “effective lending in a developing economy may be defined as the quantum of lending which maxims the banks objectives of liquidity and profitability and the economic objectives of development. This is because highly profitable lending which also ensure liquidity may not always be effective. “for the instance lending for commerce may be effective in the profitability and liquidity sense, but may be ineffective in terms of maximum contribution to economic development”, similarly, although lending to Agriculture, Road construction or House, it may well be very effective lending in a development sense. Thus effective lending in a development economy