Design And Implementation Of Online Entrance Examination (a Case Study Of Caritas University Enugu)

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ABSTRACT
Computers are known for their wide range of uses especially in scientific and mathematical fields. However little or no thought has been given to designing a complete and thorough intelligence entrance examination on a computer system in our immediate environment. This entrance examination system is designed to assist university administration examination in attaining a standardized sample, and as such the psychological implication of such a design is very important.
The design of the system is quite simple and easily understood. Its flexibility makes it amenable for future changes and amendment to either incorporate other aspects of intelligence or to be designed for any other school age or class.
The question of the online entrance examination system are programmed and visually displayed on the system‘s screen in an interactive form. The student answers the question on the computer system, immediately the question is marked and notified. The result of the examination is also displayed at the end of the examination which goes a long way to lessen the fears of students that they were marked down in the examination. Since the entrance examination is examined by the computer, time cost of manual examination is saved. Based on the virtues of internet amendment which have been made to the examination system concept by constructing a website with online entrance examination, online question setting and answer and online management by the administrator.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page - - - - - - - - i
Certification - - - - - - - - ii
Approval page - - - - - - - - iii
Dedication - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - v
Abstract - - - - - - - - - vi
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction - - - - - - - - 1
Background Of The Study - - - - - -2
Objective of The Study - - - - - - -5
Justification for the System - - - - - -6
Statement of Problem - - - - - - -7
Scope Of The Study - - - - - - - -8
Significance Of Study - - - - - - -9
CHAPTER TWO
Literature Review - - - - - - - 11
Computer Versus Paper - - - - - - 27
Technical difficulties Include -- - - - - 30
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Other General Comments Included The Following - -30
Other Related Works - - - - - - -31
Computer Assisted Learning - - - - - -31
A Brief Historic Review - - - - - - -32
Approaches To e-learning Services - - - - -34
Computer Based Learning - - - - - -35
Computer – Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) -37
Technology – Enhanced Learning (TEL) - - - -38
Computer Aided Learning Versus Traditional Education -40
Faculty and Student Feedback - - - - - -42
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology and Analysis Of The Present System - 48
The Research Methodology - - - - - 48
Software Process Model - - - - - - 49
Method Of Data Collection - - - - - 50
Online Entrance Examination use-case
Model Main Diagram -- - - - -- - - 51
User Requirement Definition - - - - - 64
The Products And Process Features - - - 65
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System Requirement Specification - - - - 66
The features That Are Available
To be Administrator Are: - - - - - - 67
The features That Are Available To The Examiner Are: 68
Non-Functional System requirement - - - 68
Safety Requirements- - - - - - -- 68
Security Requirements - - - - - - 69
Software Quality Attributes - - - - - 69
System Interfaces - - - - - - - 69
User Interface - - - - - - - - 70
Hardware Interfaces - - - - - - - -70
Software Interfaces - - - - - - - -70
Communications Interfaces - - - - - - -70
System Models - - - - - - - - -71
System Evolution - - - - - - - - -71
Context Diagram - - - - - - - - -72
Interaction Model - - - - - - - -73
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CHAPTER FOUR
System Design, Testing, And Implementation - 80
System Design - - - - - - - - 80
System implementation - - - - - - 80
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary Conclusion And Recommendation - - 92
Summary - - - - - - - - - 92
Conclusion- - - - - - - - - 92
Recommendation - - - - - - - - 93
Reference - - - - - - - - 94
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CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
An entrance examination is an examination that many educational institutions use to select students for admission. These exams may be administered at any level of education, from primary to higher education, although they are more common at higher levels. Online entrance examination systems are very convenient and fast. Online entrance examination system has three purposes.
1. To allow entrance examination takers at different places to take the examination at the same time through the online entrance examination website.
2. Through careful planning and proper coding, enable entrance examination, result checking and admission status on the websites.
3. To integrate database with the program allowing administrator easily addition of question and creation of entrance examination.
This document will propose all features and procedures to develop the system. This document specially containing details about objectives, scope limitation, process model, primary requirements, team development, possible project risks, project schedule, and finally monitoring and reporting mechanisms. Online entrance examination system is very useful for Educational Institute to prepare an exam, safe the time that will take to check the paper and prepare mark sheets. It will help the Institute to entrance examinationing of students and develop their skills. But the disadvantages for this system, it takes a lot of times when you prepare the exam at the first time for usage. And we are needs number of computers with the same number of students. The effective use of "Online entrance examination system", any Educational Institute or training centers can be use it to develop their strategy for putting the exams, and for getting better results in less time.
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However the formulation of question for entrance examination is often treated with consciousness. With the developing of computer application technology, more and more computer application software is coming up. This application software‘s associated to every part of people‘s daily life, and so does the examinations. Just like other application system, examination systems develop very fast, from simple stand-alone system to C/S based system, and now some WEB based system. Although there are a lot of examination systems, but there also have blanks in some special fields. Examination Evaluation System integrated into the Multimedia Emulation Training System of certain type equipment is designed and will be introduced. This system can be used to help people familiar with the equipment usage quickly which can save money and time. Now the following will analysis and contrast the existing examination systems, and shoveling out the improvement of our examination system. Then we will introduce some characteristics of our system in chapter 3. And in chapter 4 we will introduce the key technology that applied in our system. At last we make a summary on our system and make a brief prospect on the future of the examination system.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Caritas University is a catholic private institution established by Very Rev. FATHER EMMANUEL EDEH. This institution was established in the year 2005 and located in Amorji-Nike Enugu state.
Caritas University have two venue for their examinations, Charity Square and Auditorium. Auditorium is under roof amendment. Caritas University with over four thousand students has four faculties presently and they include natural
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science, engineering, environmental and social science. Caritas University uses the manual method of paper and pen for entrance examinations.
Automation of the entrance exams involves the experts reasoning process to solve the problems involve in the manual entrance exams by using certain program validation in the program properties to check for some criteria. Automation of entrance examination involves a set of program that manipulate encoded knowledge to solve problems in a specialized domain that normally requires human expert.[1] Edward A. Feigenbaum was one of the people in software based pc consultancy‘s research who decided in the mid 1960‘s the reason why pc consultancy should be produced, the reason was that he thought on how important it is to know how much a computer program can know and the best way to find out would be to try constructing an artificial expert.
In the process of looking for an appropriate field of expertise Feigenbaum encountered Joshua Lederberg, the noble laureate biochemist, who suggested that software for entrance examination in various fields is to be produced together they began work on DENDRAL, the first software Based Examination system in 1965 at Stamford university.
‗‘when you think you have you have created a program structure capable of manipulating expert knowledge, you have to get some knowledge into the system‖. {2} {Joshua Lederberg}
The characteristics of this expert system include the ability to encode knowledge in a program. It also has the capability to draw it`s reasoning from meta-knowledge (inference) which is very important feature of expert system. It has a high performance of helping to solve problem of marking answers without favoritism.

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