THE STUDY OF MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. (A STUDY OF SULEJA
LOCAL GOVERNEMNT ADMINISTRATION)
NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
The project focuses on the impact of motivation on employee’s performance, a study of Suleja local government administration. This project is important because it will expose the positive results of motivating employees in an organization, and be an eye opener to entrepreneur. Data was collected and analyzed by use of questionnaire and simple percentages. The findings amongst other ones are as follows. That the workers of Suleja local government administration are not efficient, there is idleness and absenteeism and lateness to work which has significant impact on their productivity. It was found out that there is poor or inadequate motivation; this affects the moral of the employees. Based upon the finding the researcher recommends as follows. The management should create an environment, which will enable the management to recruit, train and motivate employees for their day to day affairs. Motivational techniques should be applied in order to get employees satisfaction and self actualization with the aid of personnel management efficiency and effective strategies has to be undertaken in order to attain the goals and objectives of the organizations.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Motivation can be seen as the inner drive, which prompts people to act in a way either towards achieving their personal goals or organizational goals. To a large extent, motivation is “leadership” as it involves getting the whole staff to learn to work willingly and well in the interest of the business. A leader can influence his subordinate only when they are convinced.
Conviction can only come when the entire subordinate accepts those factors that propel actions of individuals, which are referred to as motivation. They may be highly paid, prestigious titles promotion, praises, bonus, etc. The word is an abstract noun applying to the entire class of desired need wishes and similar forces.
Motivation has to do with action which results, to satisfaction closely associated with motivation is the word “miracle” it is injecting of moral and loyalty into the working team so that they will carry their duties properly and effectively with maximum economy.
Motivation is one of the most researched and discussed subject in business administration and management.
Researchers have brought to explain how and why people are motivated to behave in a manner consistent with a supportive of organizational goals.
Behavioural scientists have put forward many theories to explain in the concept of motivation. Dr. John Iboko in his book titled theory and practice of management by objective (M.B.O) Nigeria experience defined motivation as the face that focus human being action towards a chosen and for motivation to take place, there must be a felt need and goals, the accomplishment of which is expected to satisfy it.
Meanwhile people level of development, values, needs and wants varies, that is why what motivates one person may not necessarily motivate the other.
Fredrick Taylor said that people have been engaging in employment for reasons other than money. He added that a worker can be motivated if reward and penalties are attached to performance.
Modern economics depend to a large extend on motivation more than previous economics. Motivation itself has now become inseparable from modern production for good efficiency and effectiveness of organizational productive and rendering of good services to the customers by the staff can be possible with the aid of adequate motivation.
According to Okpala, he said that motivation comes from intrinsic and extrinsic factors which influence the workers to behave the way they do. The intrinsic source of motivation is the type of motivation that derive a sense of accomplishment and achievement from helping gain a competitive advantage job that are interesting and challenging load to intrinsic motivation, for this type of work motivation result from performing the job itself.
The extrinsic motivation result as a worker acquires material or social reward to avoid punishment the physical condition under such punishment will work well and light, temperature and noise reduction, different salary scale, group standard leadership etc all of this effect the employees performance.